Potential Relief from China Tariffs Coming

Co-Authored by Sharath Patil

Background on Section 301 Tariffs

A key element of the U.S.-China trade war, initiated under the Trump administration and continuing through Biden’s first term, was the imposition of China tariffs under Section 301. Section 301 is a mechanism via which the President can retaliate against foreign countries that violate U.S. trade agreements or engage in acts that are “unjustifiable” or “unreasonable” and burden U.S. commerce. With regard to China, the U.S. Trade Representative (“USTR”) found that China’s acts, policies, and practices related to intellectual property and innovation are unreasonable or discriminatory and burden or restrict U.S. commerce. Accordingly, a broad set of tariffs were instituted. Section 301 tariffs for goods originating from China have been so expansive that U.S. Customs revenue has nearly doubled from $41.6 billion in FY 2018 to $71.9 billion in FY 2019 and $74.4 billion in FY 2020.

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USCIT Invalidates 232 Tariffs on Steel and Aluminum Derivatives

Aluminum - EgyptTodayBackground on Section 232 Aluminum and Steel Tariffs

Section 232 investigations, administered by the U.S. Commerce Department, are conducted to determine the imports of certain goods on national security. Historically, Section 232 investigations have been conducted regarding U.S. imports of crude oil and petroleum products and uranium, among other critical imports. Under the Trump administration, the Commerce Department initiated investigations of U.S. imports of aluminum and steel on April 27, 2017. The investigation resulted in an affirmative determination that such imports harm U.S. national security. As a result of the investigation’s findings, Trump imposed tariffs on certain U.S. imports of aluminum and steel on national security grounds. An exclusion process was also implemented in which U.S. importers could apply for tariffs to be excluded for certain steel and aluminum product imports.

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Proposed 25% Tariffs on Section 301 Digital Service Taxes – Comment Now

Digital economy and society in the EU

Background on Section 301 Digital Service Taxes

In 2020, the United States Trade Representative (“USTR”) initiated Section 301 investigations with respect to certain Digital Service Taxes (“DSTs”) being adopted or under consideration by a number of countries. DSTs are taxes on revenues that certain companies generate from providing certain digital services to users in those jurisdictions. According to USTR, available evidence suggests that DSTs are expected to target large, U.S.-based technology companies.

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INVESTING IN THE PETROLEUM INDUSTRY? – WHY HAITI.

Despite Haiti’s challenging socio-economic, as well as political climate, Haiti remains one of the most open economies of the Caribbean seeking foreign direct investment (FDI). Haiti’s legislation encourages such FDI with the assurance that the same rights, privileges, and equal protection are provided to local and foreign companies. The current president of Haiti established and announced “Seven Priority Axes” for the development of Haiti. One of which is in the electricity (e.g., Hydro, Solar, Natural Gas and, of course, Petroleum) sector.

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China Tariff Update – List 2 Exclusions Extended

If you import goods subject to List 2/Tranche 2 China tariffs, read on!

Background:

Effective August 23, 2018, the U.S. Trade Representative imposed additional 25 percent duties on goods of China classified in 279 eight-digit subheadings of the Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United States (HTSUS), with an approximate annual trade value of $16 billion. See 83 FR 40823 for List 2; the $16 billion action. The U.S. Trade Representative’s determination included a decision to establish a process by which U.S. stakeholders could request exclusion of particular products classified within an eight-digit HTSUS subheading covered by the $16 billion action from the additional duties. The U.S. Trade Representative issued a notice setting out the process for the product exclusions and opened a public docket. See 83 FR 47236 (the September 18 notice).

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USTR Seeks Comments on China Section 301 Product Exclusion Extensions & Enforcement of U.S. WTO Rights in Large Civil Aircraft Dispute

The USTR has been active over the last couple of months in granting exclusions and extending certain exclusions that were scheduled to expire. USTR continues to seek comments from industry to determine its next steps. This blog is a snap-shot of the USTR’s comment and exclusion request docket. Currently USTR is seeking comments on the Enforcement of U.S. WTO Rights in Large Civil Aircraft Dispute and China Section 301 Product Exclusion Extensions. Here is the breakdown:

ENFORCEMENT OF U.S. WTO RIGHTS IN LARGE CIVIL AIRCRAFT DISPUTE

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Section 301 Tariff Updates: USTR Grants Exclusions & Seeks Comments on Products Necessary to Combat COVID-19!

The Office of the United States Trade Representative (USTR), faced with the current COVID-19 pandemic, has moved quickly to grant numerous exclusion requests in March 2020; many of which are for medical supplies. USTR is also seeking comments from industry on whether products are necessary to combat COVID-19 spread and should be excluded from the additional duties. DTL has assisted clients in submitting comments to the USTR – this is the time to let your voice be heard.

Below is a chart summarizing recent changes to Section 301 Tariffs:

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BREAKING NEWS: EXCLUSION PORTAL TO OPEN FOR LIST 4A

 

portalUSTR announced it will open the exclusion request process for HTS’s on List 4A. List 4A includes products covered by Annex A of the August 20, 2019 notice (84 FR 43304)  that are subject to 15% duty as of September 1, 2019.

List 4 has a total of 300 Billion worth of products and includes both lists 4A & 4B. 15% duties for List 4B (products covered by Annex C of the August 20 notice) are effective December 15, 2019, and no exclusion process has yet been discussed for 4B.

Exclusion portal opens October 31, 2019, and closes on January 31, 2020.

Contact us today to get your request in timely!

DTL helps clients strategize how to identify the strongest argument to persuade the government in granting your exclusion request. DTL was active in assisting clients submit exclusion requests for List 3.

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U.S. and China Reach ‘Phase 1 Deal’

Trump Announcement

Today, President Trump and the Chinese government announced a “Phase 1 Deal” and suspended the proposed increase in tariffs for products (on Lists 1, 2, and 3) that were set to begin on October 15. The scheduled tariff was set to increase from 25 to 30 percent on $250 billion worth of Chinese imports. In exchange, the Chinese government will buy $40-50 billion worth of American agricultural goods, and the agreement will include terms on both intellectual property rights and financial services.

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By |2021-03-26T12:26:31-04:00October 11, 2019|China Trade War, International Trade|7 Comments

India removed from GSP, potential problems permeate

download-3After the Trump Administration officially revoked India’s participation in the Generalized System of Preference (GSP) on June 5, 2019, India announced that it intends to implement tariffs on roughly 30 HTS’s. The items, which include many agricultural goods, such as almonds and apples, would be subjected to 70% duties upon entry into India.

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