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Best PracticesCurrency SeizureSeizures

Can I Bring in More Than $10,000 to the United States When Travelling? / ¿Puedo Viajar Con Más De 10,000 Dólares A Los Estados Unidos?

posted by Jennifer Diaz January 10, 2012 31 Comments

I’m coming back into the United States and I need to bring in more than $10,000. I heard that it is illegal to bring that much money into the U.S. when you travel. Am I allowed to bring in more than $10,000 to the U.S. when I travel? 

The simple answer to this question is: YES

Many people are under the impression that you are not allowed to carry more than $10,000 into the United States; this is nothing more than an urban legend. The fact is that you may legally carry any amount of money you want into or out of the United States, but there is a catch. When transporting more than $10,000, you must file a report declaring the exact amount of funds you are transporting to U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP). To be clear, there are no customs duties, taxes or other fees paid to U.S. Customs for the international transportation of the money; it is merely a reporting requirement to U.S. Customs.  On a Typical Day in Fiscal Year 2015, CBP seized $356,396 in undeclared or illicit currency.

If persons traveling together have $10,000 or more, they cannot divide the currency between each other to avoid declaring the currency. For example, if one person is carrying $5,000 and the other has $6,000, they have a total of $11, 000 in their possession and must report it.

What happens if you don’t declare your money? The penalties and repercussions can be severe. If you are stopped by a U.S. Customs and Border Protection officer and more than $10,000 is found on your person or in your belongings and this money was not declared, you run the very real risk of CBP taking all of the money you were carrying… and keeping it. Failure to report the international transportation of money is serious business. Not only could you lose your money forever, you may be subject to civil and criminal penalties.

On a side note, reporting requirements are not limited to cash dollars. The same requirements apply for various monetary instruments, including foreign currency, traveler’s checks, domestic or foreign bank notes, securities or stocks in bearer form. To learn more about the requirements of the Currency and Foreign Transaction Reporting Act, click here.

And if you are reading this blog post because you failed to report your funds and CBP has seized your money, your best bet is to contact an attorney who is knowledgeable and experienced with these matters (info@diaztradelaw.com). There is an administrative process by which you can attempt to recuperate your funds and having the assistance of a skilled attorney is key to maximizing your chance of getting your money back and minimizing your chances of exposing yourself to civil and criminal fines.

My firm and I are greatly experienced with these matters, having handled hundreds of these types of cases nationwide. This is a Federal process most often done through email, telephone and snail mail correspondence with the Federal Government and so we can help no matter where in the country you are located or your monies were seized. Although we are located in South Florida, we handle cases all over the country. 

We have a webpage dedicated to Currency Seizures HERE with REAL SEIZURE NOTICE examples from CBP, a video describing the process and a sampling of some of our REAL successful results.

*Successful Past Results

Some REAL examples include:

  • $54,000 Seized by CBP – $49,000 Returned to our client
  • $50,800 Seized by CBP – $45,800 Returned to our client
  • $39,000 Seized by CBP – $36,500 Returned to our client
  • $37,360 Seized by CBP – $33,500 Returned to our client
  • $31,062 Seized by CBP – $28,562 Returned to our client
  • $16,334 Seized by CBP – $15,334 Returned to our client

Additional blog posts on currency seizures may be found HERE.

Contact us at info@diaztradelaw.com today to discuss your specific case.

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Estoy regresando a los Estados Unidos y necesito traer más de 10,000 dólares. Escuché que cuando viajas, es ilegal traer tanto dinero a los Estados Unidos. ¿Puedo viajar a los Estados Unidos con más de 10,000 dólares?

La respuesta a dicha pregunta es: SI.

Muchas personas especulan que no se permite traer más de 10,000 dólares a los Estados Unidos; Sin embargo, esto no es más que una leyenda urbana. El hecho es que, sí se puede transportar legalmente cualquier cantidad de dinero que desee dentro o fuera de los Estados Unidos, mediante un procedimiento. Cuando se transporta más de 10,000 dólares, usted debe presentar un informe ante La Aduana y Protección Fronteriza de los Estados Unidos (CBP) donde declare la cantidad exacta de fondos que está transportando. Para aclarar, no hay impuestos u otras tarifas que se deba pagar a la Aduana de los Estados Unidos por el transporte internacional del dinero; Simplemente es un requisito de notificación. En un día típico del año fiscal 2015, la CBP incautó un total de $356,396 en moneda no declarada o ilícita.

Si las personas que viajan juntas tienen 10,000 dólares o más, no pueden dividirse el dinero entre ellos para evitar declarar el dinero. Por ejemplo, si una persona lleva $5,000 y la otra tiene $6,000, tienen un total de $11,000 en su poder, por tal motivo deben declararlo.

¿Qué pasa si no declaras tú dinero? Las penalizaciones y repercusiones pueden ser severas. Si un oficial de la Aduana y Protección Fronteriza de los Estados Unidos lo detiene y encuentra que posee más de 10,000 dólares, bien sea en efectivo o en sus pertenencias monetarias, no declarados, usted corre el riesgo de que CBP decomise todo su dinero… y se lo quede. El no reportar el transporte internacional de dinero es un asunto serio. No solo podría perder su dinero para siempre, sino que también puede estar sujeto a sanciones civiles y penales.

Por otro lado, los requisitos para reportar no se limitan a dólares en efectivo. Los mismos requisitos se aplican a diversos instrumentos monetarios, incluyendo moneda extranjera, cheques de viajero, billetes de banco nacionales o extranjeros, valores o acciones en forma de portador. Para obtener más información sobre los requisitos de la Ley de Divulgación y Transacciones Extranjeras, haga clic aquí.

Si está leyendo este blog porque no reportó sus fondos y CBP ha decomisado su dinero, lo mejor que puede hacer es comunicarse con un abogado que tenga conocimiento y experiencia en estos asuntos. Contáctenos a través de info@diaztradelaw.com. Existe un proceso administrativo mediante el cual puede intentar recuperar sus fondos. Sin embargo, es esencial contar con la asistencia de un abogado calificado para maximizar sus posibilidades de recuperar su dinero y minimizar sus posibilidades de exponerse a multas civiles y penales.

Diaz Trade Law (DTL) posee mucha experiencia en estos asuntos, ya que ha manejado cientos de estos tipos de casos a nivel nacional. Este es un proceso federal que se realiza con mayor frecuencia a través de correo electrónico, el teléfono y correspondencia por correo postal con el Gobierno Federal, por lo que podemos ayudarlo sin importar en qué lugar del país se encuentre o en que parte de los Estados Unidos se decomisó su dinero. Aunque estamos ubicados en el sur de la Florida, manejamos casos en todo el país.

DTL cuenta con una página web dedicada a incautaciones de moneda con ejemplos reales de AVISOS DE INCAUTACION, un video que describe el proceso y una muestra de algunos de nuestros resultados REALES y exitosos.

* Resultados Exitosos

Algunos ejemplos REALES incluyen:

  • $ 54,000 incautados por CBP – $ 49,000 devueltos a nuestro cliente
  • $ 50,800 incautados por CBP – $ 45,800 devueltos a nuestro cliente
  • $ 39,000 incautados por CBP – $ 36,500 devueltos a nuestro cliente
  • $ 37,360 incautados por CBP – $ 33,500 devueltos a nuestro cliente
  • $ 31,062 incautados por CBP – $ 28,562 devueltos a nuestro cliente
  • $ 16,334 incautados por CBP – $ 15,334 devueltos a nuestro cliente

AQUÍ  pueden encontrar publicaciones adicionales sobre incautaciones de dinero.

Contáctenos hoy al correo electrónico: info@diaztradelaw.com para discutir el mérito de su caso.

FDA IssuesFood

Reconditioning Imported Food Refused by the FDA

posted by Jennifer Diaz May 15, 2011 0 comments

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration is increasingly stopping and examining imported shipments of food attempting to enter the United States.  Often, the FDA does not allow the food to enter the United States by declaring it to be misbranded or adulterated by filth or decomposition.  Virtually always, refused food is then either destroyed or exported from the United States. There is a little known, but valuable, option called "reconditioning".

Once reconditioned, food that was originally rejected by the FDA may legally enter the commerce of the United States.  How, when, and why to recondition food is the subject of a webinar on May 25, 2011, sponsored by the Journal of Commerce, and presented by attorney Peter Quinter and FDA manager John Verbeten.

John Verbeten is the Director of Operations and Policy Branch, Division of Import Operations and Policy, at FDA Headquarters.  The discussion will cover detention without physical examination (DWPE), the Food Safety Modernization Act, the FDA Regulatory Procedures Manual, and the practical use of FDA Form 766.

Registration for the webinar is done on-line at the Journal of Commerce website.

Separately, a seminar for importers, customs brokers, and other persons involved in international trade is taking place in Tampa, Florida, on June 1, 2011. This will be a practical "how to" regarding the Food Safety Modernization Act of 2011, FDA’s Detention Without Physical Examination (DWPE) and Notice of Refusal procedures, FDA Import Alerts, and U.S. Customs and Border Protection issuance of Liquidated Damages for failure to redelivery FDA refused merchandise.

U.S.Customs

Why is U.S. Customs Issuing So Many Requests for Information (CBP Form 28)?

posted by Jennifer Diaz November 7, 2010 2 Comments

WARNING!  U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) has issued a record number of CBP Form 28s (Request for Information) and CBP Form 29s (Notice of Action) so far this year.  Import Specialists of CBP at ports of entry all over the United States are sending out these forms to importers demanding responses.  If the responses are not satisfactory, the CBP officer will demand payment of customs duties. What an importer states in its response to CBP may result in CBP taking no further action, assessing customs duties, issuing a monetary penalty notice, or even referring the case for criminal prosecution. 

A CBP Form 28 is entitled "Request for Information", and it demands that a response be submitted by the importer of record, in writing to CBP, within 30 days of the date of the Request.  The response is typically signed and dated by a company official, usually a corporate officer or manager.  Moreover, the company employee who signs the form certifies that the statements made by the company are true and correct.  The person who signs the CBP form is reminded that false statements on the form to CBP may result in criminal prosecution against that person.

CBP may demand records and assess penalties, demand payment of duties, or take other legal action up to 5 years after an entry of a shipment is made in the United States, according to 19 U.S.C. 1509, 19 U.S.C. 1621, and 19 CFR Part 151.  A Request for Information form may be the first step for CBP to discover violations committed by an importer.  Typically, the CBP officer demands proof that a certain product ((often a textile) qualified for the free trade agreement identified by the importer when it brought the shipment into the United States.  Another typical demand from CBP is an explanation from the importer why a shipment of a certain item from a certain country (often China) should not be subject to anti-dumping duties.  The most common problem remains that CBP believes that an importer failed to declare the proper tariff classification on the imported product, thereby attempting to avoid paying higher customs duties.

Why CBP is now issuing a record number of CBP Form 28s has not been disclosed to the public. Maybe it is the Federal Government’s misguided effort to collect additional revenue, or maybe CBP discovered that importers are not properly declaring shipments as accurately as they did in prior years.  Whatever the reason, importers and customs brokers must be careful when drafting and filing a written response to CBP. 

I am regularly hired by importers or customs brokers only after CBP has taken action against the importer or broker which resulted from not carefully responding to a CBP Form 28.  Rather than getting hired after ‘the horse is out of the barn,’ it sure would be easier for a customs attorney like me to get hired to draft the response to the CBP Request for Information.

EPA

Pep Boys Paid $5 Million to Settle Case with EPA for Illegal Importation of Motor Vehicles and Generators

posted by Jennifer Diaz June 18, 2010 0 comments

Now that summer is here, air conditioners and generators are on our minds.  It is likely the AC unit or generator that was installed in your home or office was imported into the United States, and made in China.  The EPA has very specific requirements regarding the importation of generators and  motor vehicle engines, including ATVs, snowmobiles, motorcycles, and anything else with a non-road spark ignition engine.  EPA is concerned about enforcing emissions standards under the Clean Air Act, and so should you.

EPA regulations regarding the importation of motor vehicles are enforced by U.S. Customs and Border Protection, which will stop, examine, and seize any engine not exactly complying with detailed EPA requirements, including proper labels displayed on the engine part.  All such importers should be aware of, and timely, accurately and completely submit EPA Form 3520-21 (EPA Declaration Form for Vehicles and Equipment Subject to Federal Air Pollution Regulations).  Failure to do so will result in the seizure of the imported merchandise by U.S. Customs, and penalties against the importer up to $37,500 per vehicle/engine in violation.  Seizures are resolved by filing a Petition with the appropriate U.S. Customs’ Fines, Penalties, and Forfeitures Office, and by negotiating and then signing an Administrative Settlement Agreement with the Air Enforcement Division of the EPA.

The aggressive enforcement of EPA’s regulations of 40 CFR Parts 86 and 90 were demonstrated in the recent settlement by Pep Boys which has agreed to pay the EPA $5 million, implement a corporate compliance program, and export over 15,000 non compliant vehicles and generators.

CBPCurrency SeizureSeizuresU.S.Customs

Help! U.S. Customs Took My Money at the Airport / ¡Ayuda! La Aduana de los Estados Unidos Incautó Mi Dinero en el Aeropuerto

posted by Jennifer Diaz February 1, 2010 111 Comments

You may legally carry or mail any amount of money you want into or out of the United States, but if it is more than $10,000 at one time, you better first report it to U.S. Customs and Border Protection. Otherwise, you risk U.S. Customs taking it from you, and never getting it back. Why?  Because your failure to report the international transportation of money is a violation of the Currency and Foreign Transaction Reporting Act.

All too often, I am contacted by a distraught American citizen or resident returning from a trip overseas, or a foreign visitor to the United States, who was unaware of the laws regarding currency reporting.  The person was asked by a U.S. Customs officer upon arrival at the international airport if he or she was carrying over $10,000. When the passenger honestly answer “yes”, or the U.S. Customs officer believes the passenger may be lying about the amount of money being transported, the passenger and his or her luggage are examined.  If over $10,000 in monetary instruments, including travelers checks and U.S. or foreign money, is discovered, and the required form, FINCEN Form 105, has not been filed with U.S. Customs, all of the money is likely to be seized on the spot by U.S. Customs.

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