The two most important categories of export controls are the Export Administration Regulations (EAR) and the International Traffic in Arms Regulations (ITAR). The vast majority of controlled exports fall under EAR, while the ITAR’s scope is limited to only military and defense-related articles, services, information, and technology. The US Department of Commerce’s Bureau of Industry & Security (BIS) is charged with enforcing EAR under 15 C.F.R. parts 730-774.
This article provides an overview of the significant BIS policy and regulatory changes in 2023, including updates to the voluntary disclosure policy, an update on the semiconductor export control rules, expansion of Russia sanctions, and a human rights amendment to the EAR.
Background on EAR
The purpose of EAR is to safeguard US national security interests by ensuring that certain critical technology does not fall into the wrong hands.
The EAR governs whether a person or entity may:
- Export an item from the US.
- Reexport that item from a foreign country.
- Transfer an item from one person to another.
BIS has repeatedly demonstrated its commitment to enforcing EAR and violations can carry heavy penalties. Civil penalties may be up to $300,000 per violation or twice the value of the transaction, whichever is greater. EAR violations can even result in criminal liability, such as a $1 million criminal penalty per violation or up to 20 years in prison. EAR violations […]