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Medical Devices

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WHAT DO CONTACT LENSES, DENTAL FLOSS, AND PACEMAKERS HAVE IN COMMON?

posted by Jennifer Diaz June 12, 2017 0 comments

Medical DevicesOne might naturally think of a product like a defibrillator as a medical device, but in our business, we find many companies unsure if its products are, in fact, medical devices.

The following is the first of a two part series which you may use as a helpful guide to get you through the medical device maze. First is a description of what medical devices are, and helpful hints so that you may identify if your product is regulated as a medical device. Second is a brief overview of FDA’s regulation of medical devices. The second part of the series will discuss the classes of medical devices, and the FDA registration process.

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FDA Launches New Webpage to Promote Use of Symbols in Medical Device Labeling

posted by Jennifer Diaz April 28, 2017 0 comments

Today the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) launched a new webpage to assist the public understand the Use of Symbols in Labeling Final Rule. The final rule was issued by the FDA insigns June 2016 and became effective three months later.

FDA intends the final rule to be an attempt to “harmonize the U.S. device labeling requirements for symbols with international regulatory requirements. As the medical device industry has requested the ability to use stand-alone symbols on domestic device labeling, consistent with their current use on devices manufactured for European and other foreign markets.” This is exciting news for our clients who are Medical Device Manufacturers or Importers – as of September 2016 all medical device labeling may use stand-alone symbols!

What does the Use of Symbols in Labeling Final Rule provide for?

  • Permits the use of symbols in all medical device labeling without adjacent explanatory text. This means “stand-alone symbols” may be used, but only if certain requirements are met.
  • Stipulates the use of symbols, accompanied by adjacent explanatory text is still permitted. This means companies are not required to relabel their products, even if they meet the requirements for the use of “stand-alone symbols”.
  • Revises prescription device labeling regulations, now permitting to use the symbol statement “Rx only” or “℞ only” in the labeling for prescription devices.
  • The final rule does not apply to product graphics or pictograms, such as graphics showing the steps for using a device.

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Medical Device Registration Made Easy!

posted by Jennifer Diaz January 27, 2017 1 Comment

Screen Shot 2017-01-26 at 1.40.53 PMThis article is a continuation of: “What Do Dental Floss, Bedpans, and Pacemakers Have in Common?”, and discusses the three types of medical device classifications and how to register and list those devices with the FDA.

FDA’s classes of medical devices:

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has established classifications for approximately 1,700 different generic types of medical devices.” The device classification is broken up into three regulatory classes (Class I-III), which is “based on the level of control necessary to assure the safety and effectiveness of the device”. To determine the device classification, the FDA looks at “the intended use of the device and also the indications for use“. According to the FDA’s Guidance on Device Regulation, the intended use of a device “means the general purpose of the device or its function, and encompasses the indications for use”. Indications for use is “a general description of the disease or condition the device will diagnose, treat, prevent, cure, or mitigate, including a description of the patient population for which the device is intended”. (21 C.F.R. §814.20(b)(3)(i)). The class for which your medical device would belong to, determines the type of pre-market submission or application that is required for FDA clearance to sell the medical device in the United States.

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Register Now to Meet FDA’s Director of Import Operations and Maintenance – November 12, 2015

posted by Jennifer Diaz November 6, 2015 0 comments
Do you need to know the current issues affecting importing and exporting for international trade professionals?  What about common compliance issues when importing food, cosmetics, and medical devices?  If you answered yes, you will not want to miss the last of our three-part seminar series that will cover these topics and much more.  Plus, members of supporting organizations, clients of Becker & Poliakoff, and future members and clients, will receive a discount!  Here’s all the information about our upcoming seminar:

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FDA Discusses TOP Reasons for Detention of Goods

posted by Jennifer Diaz March 20, 2013 0 comments

At today’s Import Operations Training, sponsored by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and the Florida Customs Brokers and Forwarders Association (FCBF), top officials from FDA traveled to Miami to educate importers and brokers.  Topics ranged from a general overview of FDA compliance, TOP rationales for FDA detentions, Food Safety and Modernization Act (FSMA) updates, an overview of the newly re-organized (now DIO) Division of Import Operations (formerly DIOP – policy has now been removed), an overview of CBP & FDA’s Joint Team 488 – which handles liquidated damages claims for underlying FDA violations and much more. Highlights of the TOP rationale for detentions follows, as I feel this is of most value to you to know and is arranged by commodity.

Food Products Top Rationales for Detention

  • Manufacturer (processor, packer or person holding food product) is not registered with the FDA pursuant to the Bioterrorism Act.  (You can Register with the FDA here: www.FDA-USA.com)
  • Low Acid Canned Foods (LACF) are imported without establishment registration (FCE #) or scheduled process (SID #)
  • The products are subject to an Import Alert
  • Product labeling is not compliant (FDA does not pre-approve food labeling, it is up to importers to assure it is compliant before importing)
  • Common labeling violations include:
  1. Label is not in English
  2. Incorrect or missing statement of identity
  3. Failure to list allergens
  4. Failure to declare ingredients
  5. Failure to include a proper “Nutrition Facts” label (incorrect formats for Nutrition Facts labeling is also common) required by 21 C.F.R. 101.9
  6. Color additives are not declared correctly (or at all) on the label or not certified
  7. Food  additives are unsafe or not declared on the label

Dietary Supplements Top Rationales for Detention

  • The products are subject to an Import Alert
  • Product labeling is not compliant (FDA does not pre-approve dietary supplement labeling, it is up to importers to assure it is compliant before importing)
  • Common labeling violations include:
  1.  Label is not in English
  2. Unauthorized health claims
  3. Undeclared active ingredients
  4. Lacks a “Supplement Facts” panel required by 21 C.F.R. 101.36
  5. Failure to list the name of product and “Dietary Supplement” or “Herbal Supplement” on the label
  6. Failure  to list the appropriate disclaimer necessary when claims are made

Cosmetics Top Rationales for Detention

  • The cosmetics are subject to an Import Alert (for example IA 66-38 for cosmetics labeled with drug claims)
  • The cosmetics are contaminated and unsafe to use
  • The cosmetics are manufactured under unsanitary conditions
  • The cosmetics contain a non-permitted color additive
  • Product labeling is not compliant (FDA does not pre-approve cosmetic labeling, it is up to importers to assure it is compliant before importing)
  • Common labeling violations include:
  1.  Label is not in English
  2. Labeling is missing ingredients
  3. Label lacks warnings and adequate directions for use
  4. Missing the net quantity of contents
  5. Cosmetic  contains a “drug” claim

Drugs Top Rationales for Detention

  • The cosmetics are subject to an Import Alert (for example IA 66-41 – Unapproved new drugs)
  • Drugs are not registered or listed with the FDA
  • Product labeling is not compliant (FDA does not pre-approve drug labeling, it is up to importers to assure it is compliant before importing)
  • Common labeling violations include:
  1. Label is not in English
  2. Label does not contain adequate directions for use
  3. Active Pharmaceutical Ingredients (API) is not properly labeled or listed
  4. Drug contains a “new” chemical or a different dosage making the product a “new drug”

Medical Devices Top Rationales for Detention

  • The manufacturers is not registered with the FDA
  • The initial importer is not registered with the FDA
  • The device is not listed with the FDA
  • The product does not contain a 510k or PMA
  • Product labeling is not compliant (FDA does not pre-approve medical device labeling, it is up to importers to assure it is compliant before importing)
  • Common labeling violations include:
  1. Label is not in English
  2. Label is false or misleading 

Bottom line, as you can see, it is up to you, the importer to perform pre-compliance and assure you get compliance right before you import.  FDA expects you to know the requirements and has little mercy if you don’t.  Assure you stay compliant and avoid the top rationale for FDA to detain your goods by hiring someone that is extremely knowledgeable with FDA’s laws and regulations and continually stays up to date with the constant changes. 

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Jennifer Diaz Opens Medical Device Seminars at FIME

posted by Jennifer Diaz August 2, 2012 0 comments

Attorney Jen Diaz will be presenting the first seminar "How to Effectively Resolve Typical U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) Issues for Medical Devices" at the FIME Show at 10:00 AM on Wednesday, August 8, 2012 at the Miami Beach Convention Center.  This will be Jen’s third consecutive year teaching at FIME.

After attending this seminar, you will know how to effectively operate your business with a new understanding of how to effectively resolve the "worst case scenarios."  We will discuss how we handle everyday examples of difficult issues with both the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP).  FDA issues include what to do if you receive a "Notice of FDA Action" stating that a medical device is adulterated or misbranded and will be refused admission into the United States, or a "Warning Letter" that could potential state you must stop producing certain medical devices because they are adulterated or misbranded.   Effectively resolving CBP issues includes the appropriate response when CBP says your goods are under "detention," will be "seized" and "forfeited" or are included in the "detention without physical examination" list and how your company can get off the list.  You will also learn the appropriate response after you receive a "liquidated damages claim" up to $50,000 from CBP.  

FIME brings together the worldwide medical community for the largest and most comprehensive trade show in the United States, and features medical manufacturers from all over the globe. If you can find it in a hospital, surgery center, physician’s office, medical laboratory, or medical supply store, you can find it at FIME.

View the complete seminar schedule for FIME Show 2012 here.

If you want more information about medical device compliance issues with FDA and/or CBP, please contact Jen Diaz at (305) 260-1053 or by email at JDiaz@becker-poliakoff.com.

Jennifer Diaz is the Chair of the Customs and International Trade Department at Becker & Poliakoff, P.A. She earned her J.D. from Nova Southeastern University Shepard Broad Law Center. Jennifer is admitted to practice law in the state of Florida and is board-certified in International Law by the Florida Bar.

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Medical Devices Seminar

posted by Customs & International Trade Law Blog August 6, 2009 0 comments

On August 14, 2009, Jennifer Diaz and I will speak at the annual FIME Conference taking place at the Miami Beach Convention Center, Miami Beach, Florida. The FIME Conference is one of the largest trade shows in the United Stated attended by medical device manufacturers, importers, and distributors from throughout the United States and Latin America.

The seminar topic is “How to Effectively Resolve Typical U.S. Food and Drug Administration and U.S. Customs and Border Protection Issues for Medical Devices.”

Medical devices are strictly regulated by the FDA.  We will discuss how to handle everyday examples of difficult issues with he U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA).  FDA issues include what to do if you receive a "Notice of FDA Action" or a "Warning Letter" that could potentially state you must stop producing or importing certain medical devices.  FDA may allege that the device is adulterated because you do not have an approved Premarket Approval Application (PMA) to demonstrate that the device is safe and effective for the new intended uses for which you are marketing it. In addition, the FDA may allege that a device is misbranded because you have not submitted a section 510(k) premarket notification to notify the FDA of your intent to introduce the device into commercial distribution for these new intended uses. Your company may have its imported merchandise authomatically detained by the FDA because it is on the "detention without physical examination" list.  Fortunately, there is a procedure to get off that list.

Effectively resolving U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) issues includes appropriately responding when CBP says your medical devices are under "detention," or will be "seized" and "forfeited".   You will also learn the appropriate response after you receive a "liquidated damages claim" up to $75,000 from CBP.